** This is the first time in my life I've ever used the word 'thusly'
- General Lifespan
The sonata (meaning 'sound piece' (meaning 'instumental music')) has evolved
to be a very successful and long-lived format. It also has a successful
spin-off 'sonata form' which I'll get to later.
In the most common (three movement) sonata, the movements usually worked out
1st Movement - Fast
2nd Movement - Slow
3rd Movement - Fast
The first movement frequently has its own internal structure called
"Sonata Form" does not, ahem... DOES NOT
refer to the form of the entire sonata, just the first movement.
If you like, you can refer to "Sonata Form" as "First Movement Form" as
that title is legal also.
More on this later.
The second and third movements (as far as history, or distinguishing
characteristics) are comparitively unremarkable.
And now! The moment we've all been waiting for! The First Movement.... The Sonata Form. [oooh... aaaah...]
You'll find the sonata form in things other than sonatas.
concertos, and other types of music will use the sonata form.
Sonata form divides a movement into three sections thusly**
Why two 'A's in the structure of the exposition?
People are stupid, and the composer wants to drill the theme into the
audience so they'll remember the theme when it crops up at the end (note
the third 'A').
Oh, yeah - the two 'A's usually make the piece work better too. ***
The last part wraps the whole thing up.
A sonata-form-pita-bread, if you will.
The middle "fantasia" part, not unlike the Disney film of the same name,
is the funky weird
part. It will wander through a bunch of keys, start up new themes or
variations, fake right - punch left, cut in line at the grocery store,
establish a mime school. Anything goes in a fantasia.
- Composers of Sonatas
- Vivaldi, Chopin, Mozart, Schumann, Brahms
- A sonata is a three-movment piece of instrumental music.
*** Sometimes, if the original theme gets really long, the composer
will not bother to repeat it.